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Bird food :

Diversification of foods for birds to ensure a balanced diet with a suitable combination of vitamins, minerals and amino acids. One of the best foods that provides this is bird food that can be purchased from its stores.

  • Feed the birds several types of vegetables, such as potatoes, broccoli, carrots, and peas, instead of feeding them lettuce.

  • Do not to provide citrus and spicy food for birds.

  • Avoid serving foods that contain caffeine.

Bird food consists of : 

Birds feed on a various plant and animal based foods. The diet of birds depends on the area in which they live.

  • Raw vegetables and fruits are considered a rich source of nutrients, but they must be presented slowly and gradually, as quick entry can make the bird lose their appetite.

  • Seeds, grains and nuts: Weed and flower-bearing seeds are considered natural nutritional options, while nuts, such as peanuts, walnuts, and pine nuts are rich in fats and proteins, and are a preferred food for many birds, they are ideal foods for temporary storage for use as winter supplies.

Issues and diseases that birds may be exposed to : 

  • Diarrheal disease in birds:

It is considered to be one of the most common diseases and there are two types of it. The first type is white diarrhea, which is the most dangerous, and the second type is green diarrhea.

Symptoms: As for white diarrhea in birds, the symptoms are liquid secretions that bear the white color, and signs of anorexia and severe lethargy will appear. As for green diarrhea, its symptoms are severe suffering during the defecation process.

Reasons: Excessive consumption of food containing large quantities of water, or eating spoiled food or exposing the bird to colds.

Treatment: The bird should be isolated from the rest of the other birds in order not to transmit the infection, while refraining from giving it water and foods that contain large quantities of water, and cleaning the cage from feces.

  • TB disease:

Tuberculosis in birds is an infectious disease that ornamental birds are exposed to often.

Symptoms: Diarrhea, especially if the infection is in the digestive system, but if it is in the respiratory system, the symptoms accompanying it will be a cough, the bird also loses his vitality and activity significantly and suffers from severe lethargy and slimness while noticeably losing its appetite.

Reasons: Neglected hygiene and not disposing of feces and waste from the cage.

Treatment: clean the cage and vessels regularly, and giving the bird antibiotics from time to time.

  • Typhoid in birds:

It is an acute disease that many birds are exposed to.

Symptoms: loss of appetite and severe inactivity, noticeable bad smell in their feces.

Treatment: giving the bird some antibiotics, especially " Terramycin ".

Bird grooming

Bird grooming :

Sparrows are considered one of the categories of domestic birds that love showering and washing, as this is necessary to protect their feathers. There are many methods that can be used to clean the birds. Water sprays and taps are their preferred ways, do not use soap in the process. While ensuring the cleanliness of the vessels used, and after finishing, it is necessary to consider placing the birds in a suitable place away from high temperatures or cold, until they are dry.

Habitat : 

  • Use large cages to match the length of the wings and the long tail of some birds.

  • The cage should be made of non-toxic and solid materials that cannot be broken or destroyed by birds.

  • Provide cages with sticks or columns that allow a place for birds to stand on. And a source of entertainment for some species.

  • Provide the cage with food and water containers in an appropriate shape, in addition to arranging them so that they are opposite to each other, to allow the bird to move between them.

  • Ensure a thorough cleaning of the cage on a weekly basis.

  • Cover the floor of the cage with a sheet of newspaper or a paper towel, taking into consideration not allowing contact between them and the birds, to ensure that the birds are not exposed to the bacteria growing in them.

References  :  

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